Saudi authorities - in some cases with the help of citizens - rounded up many of illegal workers and physically abused them.
Saudi Arabia has a "Counter-Radicalization Program" the purpose of which is to "combat extremist ideologies among the general populace" and to "instill the true values of the Islamic faith, such as tolerance and moderation." Qorvis MSLGroup, a US subsidiary of Publicis Groupe, amid the execution of political protesters and opponents, has been working with Saudi Arabia for more than a decade to whitewash its record on human rights.
Torture and other ill-treatment of detainees is common, widespread and generally committed with impunity.
Reported methods included beating, suspension by the limbs and sleep deprivation.
Those tortured reportedly included detained protesters, who were held incommunicado for days or weeks without charge or trial.
Saudi Arabia is one of approximately thirty countries in the world with judicial corporal punishment.
In Saudi Arabia's case this includes amputations of hands and feet for robbery, and flogging for lesser crimes such as "sexual deviance" and drunkenness.In the 2000s, it was reported that women were sentenced to lashes for adultery; the women were actually victims of rape, but because they could not prove who the perpetrators were, they were deemed guilty of committing adultery.The number of lashes is not clearly prescribed by law and is varied according to the discretion of judges, and ranges from dozens of lashes to several hundreds, usually applied over a period of weeks or months.In 2004, the United Nations Committee Against Torture criticized Saudi Arabia over the amputations and floggings it carries out under Sharia.The Saudi delegation responded defending "legal traditions" held since the inception of Islam 1,400 years ago and rejected interference in its legal system.The courts continue to impose sentences of flogging as a principal or additional punishment for many offences.